1. The first line should start at the left margin and indent following lines ½ inch (3.8 centimeters).
2. List authors with last name first, followed by first and middle initials.
3. If there is no author listed, note source by title.
4. Publication date should be placed in parenthesis, followed by a period.
5. Always quote the full title, including any subtitles.
6. A period should be used, followed by one space, to separate author, publication date, title, and information about publication.
Sample Reference - Examples of Entries
Journal Articles with Continuous Paging
Smith, A. (2005). Dealing with disabilities. Journal of American Health, 25, 35-44.
Journal Articles with Separate Paging
Johnson, P.T. & Jones, R.W., Ph.D. (1998). Risk Analysis: Protecting Your Small Business. Business Daily Journal, 66 (7), 107-121.
Monthly Magazine Articles
Asner, P.J. (2010, September). Living with Autism. Monthly Mirror, 177(4), 65-77.
Rodriguez, J. (2010, April 9). Surviving Cancer. Stillwater NewsPress, p. 3:5.
Book with Single Author
Bancroft, B. (2009). A Short History of Everything. New York, NY: Harcourt and Brace Press.
Book with Multiple Authors
Libby, J.G., and Roberts, S.W. (2005). Living in Modern Times. New York, NY: Modern Press.
An Edition that is not the First Edition
Short, B.G., and Richards, S.R. (2006). Seeking and Finding (3rd ed.)/ San Francisco, CA: Smith/Jones.
Original Selection from an Edited Collection
Jackson, P.B. (2007). Collected Short Stories of Various Cultures. In B. Jones and P.B. Jackson (Eds.). Living in Fear (pp. 89-103). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Article in an Encyclopedia or Other Reference Work
Hacker, D. (2008). Use Pronouns With Care. N. Sommers and T. Jehn (Eds.), A Pocket Style Manual (pp. 32-36). Boston, MA., St. Martin’s Press.
Spielberg, S. (Producer) & Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion Picture]. [With S. Neill, L. Dern, and J. Goldblum]. United States. Universal.
Articles from Online Journals
Walters, S.D., and Peters, A.G., M.Ed. (2005). Building Design and Utopian Space. North American Builder, 109(10). 23-55. Retrieved from http://www.NABuilder.org/journals/
Articles from Online Encyclopedia or Other Reference Works
Jackson, B.J. (2011). Mechanics of Motion. Compton’s Encyclopedia online. Retrieved from http://search.ComptonsEncyclopedia.com/
Articles from Professional Website, Scholarly Project, or Information Database
British Archives Association. (2011, September 15). Quantifying Collections. Retrieved from http://www.baa.gov/baa
Online Posting from Blog or Discussion Group
Oscar, P.T. (2011, December 12). Re: Hate Crimes and Misdemeanors. [Blog message]. Retrieved from http://www.uco.edu/EDUCATION/blogs/
1, APA Style
1, APA Style
2. Purdue OWL
2. Purdue OWL